We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Are Greengrocers' Apostrophes?

Michael Pollick
Updated May 23, 2024
Our promise to you
Language & Humanities is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At Language & Humanities, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

The greengrocers' apostrophe occurs whenever a writer attempts to pluralize a word by using an apostrophe plus "s" instead of the proper plural ending. A handmade sign in a local grocery store might advertise "Apple's Two Dollars a Pound" or "Orange's $3.99 a Bag", for example. The term "greengrocers' apostrophe" was actually inspired by such prominent grammatical errors in grocery store signage.

The ill-conceived practice of using a greengrocers' apostrophe is not limited to grocery stores, however. Many local or small businesses have been known to create similar signs advertising "Stereo's and Television's On Sale" or "Compare Our Rate's With Other Company's!"

An apostrophe S (or S apostrophe) generally denotes possession, not number. It can also be used in a contraction, such as "it's" for "it is." There are few exceptions to the rule against using a greengrocers' apostrophe to pluralize, however. In some cases, an apostrophe might be used to indicate a plural of a letter, such as "A's" and "U's" although some grammarians argue against this use as well; without the apostrophe, however, those letters could be confused for the words "As" and "Us."

When the term greengrocers' apostrophe was first popularized, most likely in the Liverpool, England, area during the 1950s, there were a number of foreign-born store owners who overused apostrophes in an effort to over-correct their English grammatical errors in general. A pluralized English word and a possessive can sound exactly alike, so those learning the language may use plurals as possessives and possessives as plurals.

The rules governing the proper use of apostrophes can be quite confusing until the basic differences between plurals and possessives are fully understood. It can be difficult to explain why a sentence such as "My sister's friends did not like the movie." is not the same as "My sisters' friends did not like the movie, either." Possession and number are very closely connected when it comes to the proper use of apostrophes, so mistakes such as the greengrocers' apostrophe are understandable during the learning process. As a student's understanding of English grammar rules improves, the use of the greengrocers' apostrophe should start to become less frequent.

Language & Humanities is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Michael Pollick
By Michael Pollick
As a frequent contributor to Language & Humanities, Michael Pollick uses his passion for research and writing to cover a wide range of topics. His curiosity drives him to study subjects in-depth, resulting in informative and engaging articles. Prior to becoming a professional writer, Michael honed his skills as an English tutor, poet, voice-over artist, and DJ.
Discussion Comments
Michael Pollick
Michael Pollick
As a frequent contributor to Language & Humanities, Michael Pollick uses his passion for research and writing to cover a...
Learn more
Language & Humanities, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

Language & Humanities, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.