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What Does the "Lay of the Land" Mean?

Cynde Gregory
Cynde Gregory

Someone who has a firm handle on the "lay of the land" is likely to get things accomplished more quickly than someone who does not. This idiomatic English expression presents a vivid visual metaphor that is easy to translate to everyday use, because the phrase is both literal and figurative. Used as an idiom, this expression simply means to have an understanding of the situation or the way things are done.

Getting the "lay of the land" at the office might mean understanding the social and professional pecking order to understand who controls group dynamics, who has the greatest influence and whom to avoid. It also might be more literally applied. If a woman has a new job in a huge office complex, she might need to get the "lay of the land" to figure out the best way to get to the cafeteria, where the ladies’ restrooms are located and the shortest way to the parking lot at the end of the day.

Woman standing behind a stack of books
Woman standing behind a stack of books

Sometimes the expression is applied in a manner that isn’t quite so literal. For example, a young man who has enrolled in a virtual college and will be taking class online isn’t likely to feel the need to get the "lay of the land" in purely physical terms. He doesn’t need to know where the registrar’s office is, nor the closest student parking. When this student reports that he feels fairly comfortable and thinks things will go well once he gets the "lay of the land," he merely means that he needs to figure out how to get assignments and submit work, where to go for help, and otherwise determine how his virtual school works.

Like most good idioms, this one gives the user as well as the listener a sort of visual hook. One could imagine an explorer attempting to get the "lay of the land" in an uncharted territory to determine what is there, key landmarks, resources that are available and where it is in relation to known areas. This idiom can be traced back to 1700s England and might have been used well before that. The idiom first appeared — and still does, in some places — as the "lie of the land."

Discussion Comments


Generally speaking, getting the lay of the land can be a rather intimidating experience at first. However, over time, you'll definitely get used to it. Like with all new experiences in life, it's all right to be nervous. However, it's how one handles that uneasiness that makes the difference. One can either choose to hold onto their feelings, or they can look past that, and accept the challenges that await them.


I really like how the third paragraph expands upon this idiom, even going as far to use it as a way to introduce someone to unfamiliar territory. In fact, this can basically apply to any life experience. For example, let's say that someone had an online job. Although they would have to get familiar with their assignments, hours and work, on the other hand, it's still a different experience from having an outside job. When you're at a workplace, you need to know the "lay of the land", so to speak. Each of your workmates has a different personality, there are several guidelines you must follow, and you have to know what time you need to be in work.


The idiom "lay of the land" is one of the few that I haven't heard. However, now that I'm aware of it, I may be using it in my vocabulary more often, as it certainly applies to me. Generally speaking, I tend to get things done a lot faster than most people. I hardly ever procrastinate, and even when I do, it's only for a few minutes I time. For example, there are some (college) students I know that have a tendency to slack off on their homework until the last minute.

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      Woman standing behind a stack of books