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What Is a "Goody Two-Shoes"?

Mary McMahon
Updated May 23, 2024
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A goody two-shoes is someone who is viewed as cloyingly virtuous, self-righteous, or prudish. You may also hear a goody two-shoes referred to as a “goody goody,” a slang term with origins linked to those of “goody two-shoes.” This particular English idiom has a rather long history, with a number of twists and turns.

The term comes from a children's book, The Story of Little Goody Two-Shoes published anonymously in 1765. The book, which was wildly popular at the time, is about a poor child who goes around wearing one shoe. A gentleman gives her a new pair of shoes, and she runs about the community saying “two shoes, two shoes!” When the little girl grows up, she becomes a teacher, and eventually marries a wealthy man. The implication of the story was that although she suffered as a child, she was virtuous, so she was ultimately rewarded. “Goody,” incidentally, is short for “Goodwife,” a common term of polite address for women in the lower classes at the time.

Almost immediately, English speakers started using the phrase to describe particularly virtuous people, especially young children, although the term could be used to describe someone of any age. However, the term also had a subtle edge; the girl in the story seems a bit foolish and fatuous, so the slang term was also meant to suggest that someone was irritating, cloying, or not very bright, in addition to being virtuous.

Over time, the meaning of the phrase twisted even more. In the modern usage, people usually use the term to refer to someone who is viewed as insincere. To be called by this name is to be accused, essentially, of faking it, and the term is associated with people who are pretending to be virtuous or good in order to obtain something. Therefore, a child who attempts to be friendly with the teacher in the classroom in order to receive praise might be called a goody two-shoes on the playground.

This idiom also spawned an offshoot, “goody goody,” which means much the same thing as “goody two-shoes.” The shift from a positive connotation to a negative one is actually not all that unusual in the world of English idioms. As social values change and people forget the origins of idioms, their meanings may become reversed from the original.

Language & Humanities is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Mary McMahon
By Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a Language & Humanities researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Discussion Comments
By anon291553 — On Sep 15, 2012

To me, there are two versions: a goody two-shoes is someone (usually a woman, no disrespect) who is too good for everyone else. Doesn't drink, doesn't smoke, never wrong, very opinionated about others misgivings. usually unhappy with their life. And on the not so witchy side, the other version would be someone who is in their own happy little world, not bothering anyone. Same thing, has no vices, and is happy that way.

By surflover00 — On Aug 29, 2010

ShowStopper-I think that it is bad thing. You can be a good person without being really self-righteous about it. I consider someone who is a goody two-shoes as being very vocal about themselves and their accomplishments.

People can be smart and virtuous and still be humble about it.

By ShowStopper — On Aug 28, 2010

Do you see being a goody two-shoes as a good thing or a bad thing?

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a...

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