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In creative works, a hybrid genre refers to a combination of two or more stylistic, themed categories. Such mergings may occur in art, music, and — perhaps most prevalently — in literature. In these works, certain guidelines are followed and common features of each genre are present within the work or group of works. Examples of hybrid genre fiction might include a science fiction horror novel or a romantic suspense novel.
A genre is a category or classification of some creative work, most notably works of fiction. These categories are created by sets of official and sometimes unofficial rules agreed upon by scholars and fans of the genre in question. For example, general expectations concerning plot, character, and theme in a romance novel might consist of a primary plot focus on the romantic relationship between two characters and a happy ending. Genre categories in fiction include, but are not limited to, the following: science fiction, fantasy, horror, romance, mystery, and thriller. Subdivisions also exist within each of these genres.
A hybrid genre occurs when an author or other creative professional attempts to merge two or more genres. While elements of one genre might be stronger in the work, the professional still abides by the guiding rules of both genres. Science fiction and fantasy are two genres that are often merged by fiction writers.
A novel might, for example, take place on a distant planet where earthlings have landed. This novel thus might address the scientific details of space travel and the speculative elements of what would happen when two alien civilizations encounter each other. Both science and speculation are main genre elements of science fiction, and certain settings, like space, are commonplace. While the story might be considered science fiction, it could also introduce fantasy elements by making the creatures on the alien planet elves, wizards, animal-human hybrids, and similar fantasy-based creatures.
Almost any of the major genres can be combined to create a hybrid genre work. Horror writers often use actual scientific principles as a foundation for many of the bloodthirsty creatures found in horror stories. Romance writers, in turn, might create a subplot based on a mystery that the two romantically intended characters must solve together. Mysteries may also merge with thrillers if the stakes of the unsolved crime affect many people and send the primary characters on action-packed adventures.
While genre novels usually have a preset formula of plot and characters, the specifics of this formula often change over time. Writers experiment, and new genres are sometimes even born from these experiments. In many cases, a hybrid genre provides a sound transitional phase for the transformations that sustain the literary world.
Hybrid genres are found in artistic forms other than literature. Artists may take elements of distinct artistic approaches like surrealism and classical styles. In addition, musicians often combine the instruments and rhythms of particular subsets such as country and pop music to create cross-genre hits. Movies, likewise, may appeal to a broader audience by merging different genres. Comedy is one particularly popular cinematic genre that fuses with other genres like romance or even horror, creating hybrid genres like the romantic comedy and the black comedy.