The alphabet effect is a theory on written alphabets and how they affect language. Scholars have theorized that written alphabets, which are manifestations of phonetic writing, can help encourage some mental tasks, such abstraction and analysis, as well as the classification of concepts. This theory has resulted in some conversation about the various benefits and properties of specific written alphabets and languages. While some have championed the alphabet as a comprehensive learning tool, others have sought to dispel the alphabet effect as a faulty theory.
As a concept, the alphabet is something attributed to ancient civilizations, most usually, the Sumerians. The word “alphabet” corresponds to the first two letters of the classic Greek alphabet, Alpha and Beta, as well as the first two letters of the Hebrew alphabet, Alef and Bet. Scholars have traced the emergence of alphabets from earlier societies like the Sumerians, to classical ones like the Greek and Roman societies, considering the ways that an alphabetic language influences culture and overall conditioning.
One way to evaluate the alphabet effect is by contrasting written alphabets with one of the few existing alternatives. The Chinese written language is based on a symbol set that many consider to be an alternative to the alphabet that informs most Western languages, and many others. Scholars have debated the alphabet effect with regard to Chinese writing.
A common criticism of the theory of the alphabet affect is that it can be considered an ethnocentric idea. There is a logical conclusion to be made about this from studying how each specific language population prizes its own particular writing system. Much of the conversation around the alphabet effect takes into account the natural promotion of languages by their respective users.
Some scientists see examples of a culture distributing its alphabet as supporting the alphabet effect. Over time, writing systems may evolve into use by other communities, which did not need them for functional communication. The mystical, decorative, or otherwise metafunctional uses of alphabets further underscore their importance to many linguistic communities. They also support the greater idea of the alphabet effect.
Another way to explore the effect of an alphabet is through its use in modern technology. As digital media proliferates, technology becomes another platform from which to view the ways that an alphabet matters to a user audience. The alphabet effect may be useful to a generation of developers engineering a wide spectrum of software products and devices.