We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

Who is Sarasvati?

By Brendan McGuigan
Updated May 23, 2024
Our promise to you
Language & Humanities is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At Language & Humanities, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Sarasvati, also sometimes referred to as Saraswati, is one of the major goddesses of the Hindu pantheon. She is the goddess of the river, as well as of the arts, knowledge, and music. She has many similarities with the Greek figure of Apollo, although she is female. She is known as the consort of Brahma, the creator god of the trimurti, and along with Parvati and Lakshmi, the consorts of Vishnu and Shiva, she comprises the tridevi.

Sarasvati is said physically to be a beautiful goddess, with skin as white and shining as the moon. She is sometimes depicted as having eight arms, with each of her hands holds a symbol of her power, with one hand holding a trident, one a conch, one a pestle, one a bow, one an arrow, one a discus, one a bell, and one a plough. Her mount is usually either the peacock or the white swan. She may also be shown sometimes seated on a white lotus. Sarasvati is often said to be the mother of the Vedas, the holy written texts of Hinduism.

Sarasvati has long been associated with a historical river in India, the Saraswati River, usually thought to be either the modern Ghaggar-Hakra River or the Helmand River. Originally Sarasvati was seen as a simple manifestation of that river, but eventually she grew into her own full character in the pantheon of Hinduism. The Saraswati River played a crucial role in the development of the Harappan Civilization, the culture that gave rise to the oldest known examples of writing in India. Many people think that it is this fact that led to the later personified goddess Sarasvati being the goddess of all knowledge, as it was her river that fostered the early written word.

In some myth cycles, Sarasvati is presented as a very active goddess, especially in matters pertaining to water. Some versions of the Vritra myth, in which the god Indra slays a mighty dragon who has hoarded the world’s water, feature Sarasvati as an important aid in his mighty battle. She is also sometimes said to have been the goddess responsible for taming Brahma, bringing order to the world. One myth says that he was infatuated with the goddess Shatarupa, who represented the material world he created. Sarasvati showed him how to focus his energy and become more settled, and he turned to chanting the Vedas instead of lusting after Shatarupa. She is sometimes referred to as the co-creator of the universe, assisting her mate Brahma with his task of creation.

As time passed, Sarasvati became less and less associated with the river, and her domain became much more clearly the world of the written word. It is said that she taught man to write so that he could write the songs of wisdom she sang, which in turn became the Vedas that were her children and the holy texts of man. She is the goddess of libraries and schools as well as of the written word, and many schools in India have statues in her honor.

Language & Humanities is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Discussion Comments
Language & Humanities, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

Language & Humanities, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.