We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

Why are There so Many Orphan Heroes and Superheroes?

Tricia Christensen
Updated May 23, 2024
Our promise to you
Language & Humanities is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At Language & Humanities, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

A common theme running in fiction, mythology and even in Western religious accounts is the idea of orphan heroes and superheroes. Moses is abandoned in a basket, Hercules grows up without his father, and Buddha rejects his family life for a life of poverty. Fairytales introduce us to children of absent fathers and cruel caretakers who have replaced their mothers: Cinderella, Hansel and Gretel, and Snow White. Fiction makes much of the parentage of David Copperfield, Pip from Great Expectations, Tom Sawyer and Huck Finn, Anne Shirley, Jane Eyre, and of any account of King Arthur. Comic books offer orphaned heroes like Batman, Spiderman, Superman, many of the X-men, or you’ll notice characters in more modern fiction from films and books like Harry Potter, Frodo Baggins, the Baudelaire Children, and Luke and Leia Skywalker.

What is the purpose of creating so many orphan heroes and superheroes, and what is the idea of children raised in less than ideal circumstances supposed to impart to the audience? There are a number of interpretations of this archetype. One is the traditional Joseph Campbell and Jungian interpretation of the hero’s journey.

Lacking parents, orphan heroes and superheroes are considered “children of the world.” When you think of the complex relationship of children to family, it’s fairly easy to understand how lack of one or both parents free the child from familial obligations that would perhaps not create the best drama. The examples above give a sense of the different types of journeys these children or adults may be on, but one consequence of serving the world rather than a set of parents is that pleasing “the parent world” may mean to save it. Having raised themselves, and having been freed from much of the complex relationship of child to parent, orphan heroes and superheroes are at much greater liberty to interact with the world on a larger scale, and they may look at the world as parent and all its inhabitants as family. Due to this, many heroes and superheroes end up with a huge family they must save.

Some orphans seek only a home and a family. David Copperfield finds this with his aunt, Jane Eyre with her cousins and then with her marriage to Mr. Rochester, and Anne Shirley finds family and love with her adopted parents, Matthew and Marilla Cuthbert. Cinderella and Snow White escape evil stepmothers by marrying. Others, especially of the superhero “cast” are never really given family in the traditional sense. In fact, though they may have strong bonds with friends, or with caretakers, they are constantly attempting to prove worthiness to the world, and are desperate to save the people in it they do care about. Think of Peter Parker’s desire to save his Aunt May, especially after losing his last father figure, Uncle Ben.

Some orphan heroes and superheroes out of necessity of continuing storylines become so entrenched in saving the world they can’t ever create a dependable family unit. This is especially true of most comic book superheroes. The world needs constant saving, and this creates inability to have families or children of their own. Others, such as Harry Potter and Luke Skywalker are able to shed their child of the world status to become deeply involved in families of their own making, but only when the danger is past.

You can also evaluate orphan heroes and superheroes as a means by which angst, loneliness, and independence are emphasized. The comic book type superhero is usually one who suffers always, or at least most of the time. Particularly when such a hero must deal with the death of murdered parents, his mission in life may be to create a world safer for other children. Loss of even one parent can be intensely traumatic and forever alter a child’s life, and superheroes may do all in their power to prevent this fate for other children. Empathy for suffering and a desire to end or prevent it for others is magnified.

There’s additionally the factor of how heroes and superheroes may be isolated from common existence through parental loss. They don’t have the experience of growing up with loving parents, and thus are not totally participatory in their world. Instead they are outside of it, and often have the rare insight of observing the world from a completely different perspective.

It’s a good idea to consider why we see this theme expressed so commonly. Perhaps we view these orphans or poorly parented children as ultimately our own. They may not just be children of the world, but may belong to each reader.

Language & Humanities is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Tricia Christensen
By Tricia Christensen , Writer
With a Literature degree from Sonoma State University and years of experience as a Language & Humanities contributor, Tricia Christensen is based in Northern California and brings a wealth of knowledge and passion to her writing. Her wide-ranging interests include reading, writing, medicine, art, film, history, politics, ethics, and religion, all of which she incorporates into her informative articles. Tricia is currently working on her first novel.

Discussion Comments

By anon949294 — On May 04, 2014

Also I feel that the writer is somehow angry at their own "normal" parents and wish (not that one should wish) that they didn't have parents pressuring them to stay in family business, say. George Lucas put a lot of himself into Luke and cast his father as Vader wanting him to join the "family business" of the dark side. But it's Luke that reminds him that Anakin was once a good Jedi.

By anon345188 — On Aug 16, 2013

I agree with the last poster. I lost my parents to adoption and grew up not knowing who my real parents were and it has caused me tremendous pain and loneliness.

By anon282059 — On Jul 27, 2012

I am an orphan and trust me, it's not fun and it's full of lots of pain. You want to cry so hard some nights but at the end of the day you find a way to pull through it.

By anon258912 — On Apr 03, 2012

It may also be due to the fact that the writers want the heroes to have a hint of mystery to them, or even to hide the parent's identities. For example Harry Potter's parents were wizards, which no muggle, or even Harry, knew.

By anon192319 — On Jun 30, 2011

Great read, interesting point, smart way of getting at it. I posted the question on google and now I feel that much more cultured on this subject, if you will. Had a great time reading this.

By anon70121 — On Mar 12, 2010

My name is Lemn. I have been pursuing this idea for some time. This anonymous input mirrors my comments on various occasions over the past two years. I am concerned.

By anon65627 — On Feb 15, 2010

Another theory for why there are so many orphan heroes is that without a parental figure the characters are forced to act on their own.

They do not possess the crutch that most people have when in trouble and are forced to rely on themselves and act accordingly. They often mature faster than their peers (since they really have no other choice) which sets them apart, and in some ways above, their peers; traits often used to describe heroes.

Tricia Christensen

Tricia Christensen


With a Literature degree from Sonoma State University and years of experience as a Language & Humanities contributor,...
Learn more
Language & Humanities, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

Language & Humanities, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.