We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Is Presbyterian Theology?

By A. Genes
Updated May 23, 2024
Our promise to you
Language & Humanities is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At Language & Humanities, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Presbyterian theology derives from Protestantism and has its origins in the teachings of John Calvin. The main principle governing Presbyterian theology is that salvation comes by faith alone, not by venerating images and saints or praying for the dead. Some of the notable leaders of the Presbyterian Church were John Knox in Scotland and Ulrich Zwingli and Heinrich Bullinger in Switzerland.

The term “Presbyterian” derives from presbyteros, which is the Greek word for “elder.” The organization of the Presbyterian Church is similar to that of the Protestant churches that adopted the ideas of the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland. Priests, who are democratically elected by local Christian communities from both men and women, administer the Presbyterian Church. They also are members of the councils of the Church, presbyteries, synods, the National Council and Supreme Council.

The theology of the Presbyterian Church accepts both the Apostles’ Creed and the Nicene Creed. Among the emphases of this type of theology are divine election, the sovereignty of God, the importance of sacraments and the perfect balance of piety and intellectual culture. Even if this theology is derived from Calvin’s teachings, it does not teach that God predestined some people to salvation and others to damnation. Presbyterians consider that although all human beings deserve punishment for their sinful nature, God decided to choose a number for salvation and let the others follow their own path.

Only two sacraments instituted by Jesus are accepted in Presbyterian theology: baptism and the Lord’s Supper. Presbyterians believe that baptism is a sacrament instituted by Jesus, in which a person who enters the church is given a new birth and forgiveness of sins. Baptism is made in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit and can be done only once in a lifetime. Water is used as the external element of baptism, but immersion is not necessary. The Lord’s Supper commemorates the sacrifice made by Jesus on the cross, and the external elements — bread and wine — symbolize the body and blood of Jesus, respectively.

In Presbyterian theology, the Bible is the means by which Christians learn about the presence of God in all aspects of human life, from the beginnings of time until present days. Presbyterians believe that God’s eternal goodness and constant love for his creation can be understood by studying the Bible. The Old Testament and the New Testament are both used by Presbyterians.

Presbyterian colleges exist in all countries where this church is present. Many of them offer children a traditional education according to the moral principles of Presbyterianism. For people who are interested in getting a theology degree, Presbyterian colleges offer courses related to Presbyterian theology, mission work and pastoral counseling.

Language & Humanities is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Link to Sources
Discussion Comments
Language & Humanities, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

Language & Humanities, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.